CBD and Melatonin: how do they work?

Artigo actualizado em March, 2024

Melatonin is a hormone produced by our body via the pineal gland and is also known as the sleep hormone, as it plays a crucial role in regulating sleep. In this article, we’ll explore how CBD and melatonin interact to provide a better quality of sleep.

The fundamental role of melatonin

Melatonin production begins especially at the end of the day, when exposure to light stimuli decreases and metabolism slows down. The highest peak of release usually occurs between 2am and 3am, but this varies from person to person. Therefore, to ensure optimal melatonin production and, consequently, a better night’s sleep, it is essential to keep the environment as dark as possible.

CBD and Melatonin - chemical structure of melatonin
Chemical structure of melatonin

Melatonin was discovered in 1858, when dermatologist Aaron Lerner isolated it in the pineal gland, located in the center of the brain. The research was aimed at finding a cure for vitiligo, which is why he named the substance melatonin.

Poor sleep can lead to serious health problems, as well as psychological changes after the third day and changes in white blood cell levels (related to immunity) from the second day onwards. Some of the pathologies resulting from sleep deprivation include:

  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Irritability and mood swings
  • Headaches and migraines
  • Difficulty in learning
  • Reduced sex drive
  • Vision problems
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Increased sensitivity to pain
  • Memory loss
  • Headaches
  • Heart disease
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Diabetes
  • Alzheimer’s

As well as promoting restful sleep, melatonin also eases the effects of jet lag, has antioxidant properties, helps release insulin in the pancreas, protects the gastrointestinal tract (as it is also produced in the intestine) and increases skin protection, as this organ is also capable of producing and metabolizing melatonin.

CBD as a natural approach to well-being

CBD, a substance from the Cannabis sativa plant, is different from THC. CBD provides feelings of well-being and, in relation to sleep disorders, it is particularly special and important because it supports the activity of GABA, the main relaxing neurotransmitter in the brain. It regulates cortisol levels, which can keep us up late or make us wake up very early, acts as a muscle relaxant, relieves chronic pain, chemotherapy symptoms and seizures in people with epilepsy. It also reduces intraocular pressure and is effective in treating anxiety and depression, among other things. However, it is crucial to consult a doctor before starting any treatment.

Benefits of combining CBD and melatonin

When we combine CBD and melatonin, both bring immense health benefits. Taking them simultaneously helps significantly to combat sleep disorders.

Because it is a non-invasive solution, unlike benzodiazepines (such as diazepam, clorazepate, oxazepam, alprazolam, among others) which cause rapid chemical and physical dependence, as well as withdrawal when discontinued and are unable to reach the deepest stages of sleep, the combination of CBD and melatonin is able to reach all stages of sleep, including REM. What’s more, they are not addictive in any way and therefore do not cause withdrawal.

Tips for a healthy night routine

To optimize the sleep experience, it is essential to understand the importance of the routine before bedtime. In addition to incorporating CBD and melatonin, healthy habits play a crucial role. Avoiding caffeine and screens at least an hour before going to bed, creating a dark and quiet environment, and adopting relaxing practices such as meditation all contribute to a more restful sleep. Remember, sleep quality is multifactorial, and a holistic approach, combining healthy habits with natural supplements, can be the key to a revitalizing night’s rest.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *